There are four main categories of Canadian immigration. These are the skilled worker, household and corporate classes. The fourth is as a temporary worker or student.
The Skilled Worker category or points system is the most popular category. Applicants receive different points based on their age, education, work experience, and their proficiency in English or French. Points can also be earned if a person has already placed a job or is already working in Canada. Additional points may be awarded based on factors such as the partner’s qualifications, or if one has previously studied in Canada for at least two years. People with family members already living in Canada need special consideration.
For Canadian immigration under the family category, a person must have a Canadian resident relative who is eligible and willing to be their sponsor. These guarantors must hold a Canadian passport or be a permanent resident. These include husband or wife, husband and wife or common-law partners, dependent children, parents or grandparents. They may also be sisters or brothers, nephews, nieces or grandchildren of orphans under the age of 19. Any relative who has no other relatives currently living in Canada can also be a sponsor. In most cases, a typical family class application is made by an individual who is currently engaged or married to a Canadian citizen.
Canadian immigration applicants applying under the business category will be divided into three subcategories, namely Investors, Self Employed and Entrepreneurs. Those wishing to apply to immigrate under the self-employed category must provide an extensively researched business plan, have sufficient funds and substantial solid experience to establish a Canadian business. Entrepreneurs must have a net worth of at least $300,000 and must have prior experience as a qualifying business. Within three years of arrival, entrepreneurs must establish or purchase a business that creates at least one full-time new job for Canadian citizens. Investors must have a net worth of at least CAD$800,000, of which they need to invest CAD$400,000 within 5 years in the Canadian Receivership Office.
A temporary visa that allows a student or worker to apply for Canadian immigration. These workers must be offered jobs that are not available to Canadians. Work permits are issued based on the duration of employment, which usually does not exceed three years. Canadian employers are reluctant to hire foreign workers unless they have certain skills advantages or labor shortages. Most workers on temporary visas were relocated to Canada from their current employers. Students studying at an eligible Canadian institution may choose to apply for a student visa. This allows students to study full-time and work within limited hours.
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